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Maryland History Timeline

1600's

1608
Captain John Smith explores the Chesapeake Bay
1631
English trading post established on Kent Island
1632
Maryland Charter granted to Cecilius Calvert by King Charles I. The colony was named Maryland for Queen Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), wife of Charles I (1600—1649).
1633
Ark and Dove sail from the Isle of Wight, England
1634
Ark and Dove arrive at St. Clements Island; St. Mary's City founded
1649
"An Act Concerning Religion" passed; Puritans founded Providence (now Annapolis)
1664
Slavery allowed by law in Maryland
1695
Annapolis becomes the capital of Maryland

1700's→

1727
Maryland Gazette founded the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States
1729
Baltimore founded
1767
Mason-Dixon Line established as Maryland's northern boundary
1776
Four Marylanders sign the Declaration of Independence
1783
Annapolis became the nation's capital from November 1783 until August 1784; George Washington resigned his commission in the State House
1784
Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris in the State House
1786
Annapolis Convention called for meeting to discuss new form of government
1788
Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the U. S. Constitution
1791
Maryland donates land for the new capital, Washington D.C.

1800's
1813
British raid Havre de Grace during the War of 1812
1814
British burn Washington and bomb Fort McHenry; Francis Scott Key writes the "Star- Spangled Banner"
1826
Public schools established by law; Jews given right to vote and to hold public office
1828
Building begun on the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad
1829
C&O Canal opened
1830
B&O Railroad establishes first passenger rail service
1837
Baltimore Sun begins publication
1844
World's first telegraph line between Baltimore and Washington established
1845
U. S. Naval Academy established in Annapolis
1850
C&O Canal completed from Georgetown to Cumberland
1861
First bloodshed of Civil War occurs in Baltimore
1862
Confederate forces defeated at Antietam
1864
Maryland abolishes slavery
1867
Present Maryland Constitution adopted
1876
Johns Hopkins University founded
1886
Enoch Pratt Free Library opens in Baltimore
1900's
1904
Downtown Baltimore destroyed by fire
1936
University of Maryland School of Law admits first African-American
1952
William Preston Lane, Jr., Memorial Bridge (Chesapeake Bay Bridge) opens
1967
Thurgood Marshall becomes first African-American Justice of the Supreme Court
1980
Baltimore's Harbor place opens
1985
Maryland begins an environmental program to clean up the Chesapeake Bay
1992
Oriole Park at Camden Yards officially opened
1995
Annapolis celebrates its 300-year anniversary as the capital of Maryland
2000s
2004
Maryland celebrates its Flag Centennial (100 years)